
Recent Posts
 Bing’s wild involution
 StiefelWhitney cycles as intersections
 Schläfli – for lush, voluminous polyhedra
 Slightly elevated Teichmuller theory
 Mr Spock complexes (after Aitchison)
 Roots, Schottky semigroups, and Bandt’s Conjecture
 Taut foliations and positive forms
 Explosions – now in glorious 2D!
 Dipoles and Pixie Dust
 Mapping class groups: the next generation
 Groups quasiisometric to planes
 Div, grad, curl and all this
 A tale of two arithmetic lattices
 3manifolds everywhere
 kleinian, a tool for visualizing Kleinian groups
 Kähler manifolds and groups, part 2
 Kähler manifolds and groups, part 1
 Liouville illiouminated
 Scharlemann on Schoenflies
 You can solve the cube – with commutators!
 Chiral subsurface projection, asymmetric metrics and quasimorphisms
 Random groups contain surface subgroups
 wireframe, a tool for drawing surfaces
 Cube complexes, Reidemeister 3, zonohedra and the missing 8th region
 Orthocentricity
Blogroll
 0xDE
 Area 777
 Combinatorics and more
 Deep street soul
 Evaluating EDiscovery
 floerhomology
 Gaddeswarup
 Geometric Group Theory
 Godel's lost letter and P=NP
 Images des mathematiques
 Jim Woodring
 Language Log
 Letters of note
 Low dimensional topology
 Math Overflow
 Math/Art Blog
 Mathematics under the microscope
 nCategory Cafe
 Noncommutative geometry
 Paul Krugman
 Persiflage
 Preposterous Universe
 Questionable content
 Quomodocumque
 Real Climate
 Scott McCloud
 Secret blogging seminar
 Sketches of topology
 Tanya Khovanova
 Terry Tao
 Tim Gowers
 Tony Phillips
Books
Software
Recent Comments
Bing’s wild in… on Scharlemann on Schoenflies Keli on Agol’s Virtual Haken The… Summer on Laying train tracks Tangie on Random turtles in the hyperbol… Henry Wilton on Random groups contain surface… Categories
 3manifolds (21)
 4manifolds (2)
 Algebraic Geometry (2)
 Algebraic Topology (1)
 Biology (2)
 Commentary (4)
 Complex analysis (11)
 Convex geometry (2)
 Diophantine approximation (1)
 Dynamics (13)
 Ergodic Theory (8)
 Euclidean Geometry (8)
 Foliations (2)
 Geometric structures (6)
 Groups (31)
 Hyperbolic geometry (25)
 Knot theory (1)
 Lie groups (8)
 Number theory (2)
 Overview (2)
 Polyhedra (3)
 Probability (1)
 Projective geometry (2)
 Psychology (3)
 Riemannian geometry (1)
 Rigidity (2)
 Special functions (2)
 Surfaces (20)
 Symplectic geometry (3)
 TQFT (1)
 Uncategorized (6)
 Visualization (10)
Meta
Category Archives: Surfaces
Agol’s Virtual Haken Theorem (part 1)
I am in Paris attending a workshop at the IHP where Ian Agol has just given the first of three talks outlining his proof of the Virtual Haken Conjecture and Virtual Fibration Conjecture in 3manifold topology (hat tip to Henry … Continue reading
The HallWitt identity
The purpose of this blog post is to try to give some insight into the “meaning” of the HallWitt identity in group theory. This identity can look quite mysterious in its algebraic form, but there are several ways of describing it geometrically which … Continue reading
Posted in Groups, Lie groups, Surfaces, Visualization
Tagged commutators, gropes, HallWitt identity, visualization
1 Comment
Hyperbolic Geometry Notes #2 – Triangles and Gauss Bonnet
In this post, I will cover triangles and area in spaces of constant (nonzero) curvature. We are focused on hyperbolic space, but we will talk about spheres and the GaussBonnet theorem. 1. Triangles in Hyperbolic Space Suppose we are given … Continue reading
Polygonal words
Last Friday, Henry Wilton gave a talk at Caltech about his recent joint work with Sanghyun Kim on polygonal words in free groups. Their work is motivated by the following wellknown question of Gromov: Question(Gromov): Let be a oneended wordhyperbolic group. … Continue reading
Posted in Groups, Surfaces
Tagged double of free group, ends, Henry Wilton, hyperbolic groups, roundoff trick, Sanghyun Kim, scl, Stallings theorem on ends, surface subgroup
6 Comments
Minimal laminations with leaves of different conformal types
The “header image” for this blog is an example of an interesting construction in 2dimensional conformal geometry, due to Richard Kenyon, that I learned of some time ago; I thought it might be fun to try to explain where it … Continue reading
Bridgeman’s orthospectrum identity
Martin Bridgeman gave a nice talk at Caltech recently on his discovery of a beautiful identity concerning orthospectra of hyperbolic surfaces (and manifolds of higher dimension) with totally geodesic boundary. The dimensional case is (in my opinion) the most beautiful, … Continue reading
SchwarzChristoffel transformations, Schwarzian derivatives, and Schwarz’s minimal surface
Hermann Amandus Schwarz (18431921) was a student of Kummer and Weierstrass, and made many significant contributions to geometry, especially to the fields of minimal surfaces and complex analysis. His mathematical creations are both highly abstract and flexible, and at the … Continue reading